- Chronic muscle pain, muscle spasms, or tightness
- Moderate or severe fatigue and decreased energy
- Insomnia or waking up feeling just as tired as when you went to sleep
- Stiffness upon waking or after staying in one position for too long
- Difficulty remembering, concentrating, and performing simple mental tasks (“fibro fog”)
- Abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and constipation alternating with diarrhea (irritable bowel syndrome)
Fibromyalgic patients treated with cryotherapy reported a more pronounced improvement of the quality of life, in comparison with the non-cryo treated fibromyalgic subjects, as indicated by the scores of the qualitative indexes and sub-indexes, that are widely recognized tools to assess the overall health status and the effect of the treatments. We speculate that this improvement is due to the known direct effect of cryotherapy on the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators having a recognized role in the modulation of pain.
The majority of episodes of acute back pain are due to a muscular strain and these will usually resolve with time because muscles have a good blood supply to bring the necessary nutrients and proteins for healing to take place.
In younger adults (20-60 year olds) the disc is likely to be the pain generator.
In older adults (over 60 years old), the source of back pain or leg pain is more likely to be the facet joints or osteoarthritis.
Cryotherapy literally means cold therapy. The pain-relieving benefits of snow and ice were first written about by the Greek physician Hippocrates thousands of years ago. When you press a bag of frozen peas on a swollen ankle or knee, you are treating your pain with a modern (although basic) version of cryotherapy.
The use of cold applications at onset of migraine targeting the carotid arteries at the neck significantly reduced recorded pain in participants with migraine headaches. Future studies to further understand the mechanism by which targeted carotid cooling alleviates migraine include utilizing a cold water circulator connected to a neck garment such that temperature and duration of treatment can be accurately controlled.